Depending on the type of sentence and the amount of active time imposed, either local or state authorities will determine an offender’s release date.
The length of an offender’s sentence will also determine whether they will serve their sentence at a local jail or a Virginia Department of Corrections (VADOC) facility.
Good Conduct Allowance Sentences
Good Conduct Allowance (GCA) sentences pertain to:
- Felony offenses committed before January 1, 1995
- Misdemeanor offenses committed before July 1, 2008
Offenders receiving an active GCA sentence may be eligible for parole consideration.
The VADOC will calculate the offender’s release date if their active GCA sentence or combination of sentences totals more than 12 months with dates of offense mentioned above.
Misdemeanor offenses committed on or after July 1, 2008 are not eligible for parole consideration and are not calculated by the VADOC unless they are in combination with other state responsible sentences.
GCA sentences earn good time at a rate of 0 days to 30 days per 30 days served and is determined by the class level at which the offender is earning. More details about the classification system for good conduct allowance can be found in Code of Virginia §53.1-198; §53.1-202.
Earned Sentence Credit Sentences
Earned Sentence Credit (ESC) sentences pertain to felony offenses committed on or after January 1, 1995. They are not eligible for discretionary or mandatory parole.
The VADOC will calculate the offender’s release date if they have an active ESC sentence of more than 12 months.
ESC sentences earn good time at a rate of 0 days to 4.5 days per 30 days served and is determined by the class level at which the offender is earning. More details about the classification system for earned sentence credits can be found in Code of Virginia §53.1-202.2; §53.1-202.4.
Calculating Release Dates
The amount of time required to satisfy a sentence, whether GCA or ESC, depends on many variables. Each record is unique and release dates must be calculated based on individual factors.
Those factors include, but are not limited to the:
- Amount of time spent in jail prior to being received by the VADOC
- Type of sentence
- Total sentence imposed
- Class level(s) at which an offender is earning
- Disciplinary offenses received throughout incarceration
- Other events that may impact the time calculation
Offenders may forward time computation inquiries to:
Virginia Department of Corrections
ATTN: Correspondence Unit/Court & Legal Section
6900 Atmore Drive
Richmond, VA 23261